Article Submission and Processing Policies

  1. The Editor checks each submitted article or invites relevant co-Editor to assess:
    • relevancy of the article to the scope of B&ER
    • that the article is free from gross grammatical and conceptual mistakes
    • that the article makes enough contribution to the literature
    • that the topic is interesting, and is highly relevant to practice
    • that the methods applied are appropriate
  2. Authors must provide submission details online using this form
  3. If an article fails to qualify the criteria mentioned in 5(a-e), the Editor will send a rejection email to authors within 15 working days of the submission.
  4. Maximum number of authors is 3 per article. Authorship cannot be changed after first review of the paper.
  5. If the article is found suitable by the Editor(s), it is sent to a local reviewer. If the local reviewer suggests revise/resubmit, the author(s) will be invited to revise it in light of the reviewer’s comments. If the author(s) submit a revised version within the specified time, the article is then sent to an international reviewer.
  6. However, if the authors want that their article be sent simultaneously to both local and foreign reviewers to save time, they must submit $100 or equivalent amount to B&ER.
  7. Each article is checked for a similarity index using Turnitin®. An article having a similarly index of 14% in total and/or 4% with a single source will be rejected.
  8. Empirical papers must be accompanied by data-set at item and variable level. Also, questionnaires and software codes used in the empirical analysis must be submitted to the Journal.
  9. Authors cannot use self-citations more than 5 times in a single paper.
  10. In case of grammatical mistakes, the authors may be asked to get the paper proofread by a professional, along with proofreading certificate.
  11. In a single issue, an author cannot publish two papers, regardless of whether the author is the principal or a co-author.
  12. There is no publication fee for publishing papers in Business & Economic Review. However, authors shall be required to reimburse the expenses associated with the reviewing process (Rs. 10,000) in the following circumstances:
    • If the paper was sent for a review and the reviewer suggested “revise and resubmit”, however, the author(s) fail to submit a revised draft within the stipulated time. In such cases, the Editor will send two reminders to the authors with a deadline of 3 days. If the Editor does not receive any response from the authors, the authors will be blacklisted for future submissions.
    • If the authors decide to withdraw their paper at a stage when the paper has already been sent for the review.

Open Access Licensing/ Archiving Policy

The Business & Economic Review maintains online records of all published articles on its website.The journal also supports wide dissemination of the research it publishes. Authors are free to post copies of the final published version on any online repositories or other web sites

Copyright Policy

Authors sign an exclusive license agreement, where authors have copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to the publisher. In this case authors have the right to:

  • Share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license
  • Retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights (including research data)
  • Proper attribution and credit for the published work

Article Retraction / Correction Policies

The journal editors will retract a paper if:

  • they have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
  • its findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification
  • it constitutes plagiarism
  • it reports unethical research

Journal editors will issue an expression of concern if:

  • they receive insufficient or inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct on part of the authors
  • there is evidence that the findings are unreliable but the authors’ institution will not investigate the case

Journal editors will consider issuing a correction certificate if:

  • a small portion of an otherwise reliable publication proves to be misleading (especially because of honest error)
  • the author / contributor list is incorrect (i.e. a deserving author has been omitted or somebody who does not meet authorship criteria has been included)

Retractions are not appropriate if:

  • a change of authorship is required but there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings

Notices of retraction would:

  • be linked to the retracted article wherever possible (i.e. in all electronic versions)
  • clearly identify the retracted article (e.g. by including the title and authors in the retraction heading)
  • be clearly identified as a retraction (i.e. distinct from other types of correction or comment)
  • be published promptly to minimize harmful effects from misleading publications
  • be freely available to all readers (i.e. not behind access barriers or available only to subscribers)
  • state who is retracting the article
  • state the reason(s) for retraction (to distinguish misconduct from honest error)
  • avoid statements that are potentially defamatory or libelous